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Interviewer Hello everyone. I've just been joined the studio Dr. Matthew Johnson. Dr. Johnson works Westley General Hospital and he is here today to tell us all about giving blood. Good morning Matthew.
Matthew Good morning.
Interviewer So, Matthew. Why is it important us to give blood?
Matthew Donating blood is not important. It's actually vital that people do this. donated blood, thousands people would die every year and it's something that could affect everyone. We all expect blood to be there us, but barely a fraction those who can give, do. Yet sooner or later, virtually all us will face a time great vulnerability which we will need blood. And that time is all too often unexpected. The need blood is great. any given day, an average 38,000 units red blood cells are needed. Blood transfusions are often needed victims things such as accidents and burns, heart surgery, organ transplants, and patients receiving treatment leukaemia, cancer or other diseases. 2002, nearly 29 million units blood components were transfused. And an aging population and advances medical treatments and procedures requiring blood transfusions, the demand blood continues to increase.
Interviewer We really need that much?

Matthew Yes. And we need it now. Blood supplies nationwide have reached critically low levels, less than one day's supply several blood types. Thousands accident victims, cancer patients, premature babies and countless others who need blood to stay alive are hoping you'll care enough to help them. All blood types are needed.
Interviewer What are the different types?
Matthew It's a bit more complicated than that. First we collect the whole blood donors and then it's sorted the different types which are basically O, A, B or AB though there are also divisions here. Then the blood is split its constituent parts. We divide it 4 basic parts. First there are the red blood cells, then the white blood cells, then things called platelets and finally plasma. This is shipped hospitals where they use the blood parts that the patients need .
Interviewer What are the different parts used ?

Matthew Well, as I said the whole blood is your blood in its natural state and something we rarely use. It's much more useful us to have it separated its component parts. Red blood cells are what everyone associates blood, i.e.: it's red. It's widely used to replace lost blood surgery or when people haemorrhage. Its main function is to carry oxygen cells. White blood cells are the most important part the body's immune system and they're used patients whose normal defence systems aren't working properly. Platelets are crucial making your blood clot and we need to give them patients who suffer illnesses that deplete their natural levels platelets or they will bleed death. Finally, plasma is what carries the other parts blood and needs to be administered any the other components. Take the red blood cells and this is actually yellow.
Interviewer So, that's what blood is all . Now, you're here Westley today to collect blood. Can you tell us where and when we can donate?

Matthew: course! We're set here today, that's Wednesday, and the next two days Westley General Hospital the Outpatients Department. Come 9am and 4.30pm and we'll be able to deal you one hour. And let me tell you a few things that will calm your fears giving blood. Aside a brief needle prick, it doesn't hurt to give blood. Your body will replace the blood you donate days your donation. And finally you can't catch AIDS, hepatitis or any other disease by giving blood. And course, you get a cup tea and a biscuit .
Interviewer: And can anyone give blood?
Matthew: Almost everyone. Donors must be generally good health, be least 17 years age, weigh no less than 110 pounds, have not received a tattoo the past year and not have donated whole blood the past 56 days. We screen donors a series questions we take the blood so, if you're unsure , come and we'll let you know. Please come and see us. Remember, if you can donate one pint blood, this can save three lives.
Interviewer: Well, thanks Matthew. I one will definitely be going Westley General to donate.