READING PASSAGE 2


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1. Many researchers believe that apes can communicate with human beings.
2. Investigations made at several laboratories in the United States and elsewhere indicate that chimpanzees and gorillas are capable of understanding language and using linguistic responses at the level of a four-year-old child.
3. Washoe, an adult chimpanzee who was raised as if she were a deaf child, can translate words she hears into American Sign Language.
4. Koko, a 400-pound lowland gorilla, is claimed to have understood a poem written about her.
5. Tests of Koko's auditory comprehension show that she is able to make discriminations between such words as "funny," "money," and "bunny."
6. The scientists at the forefront of this research admit that their work has been severely criticized.
7. The skeptics in general claim that apes' language behavior is merely imitative.
8. For this behavior to be called "language," it must also be communicative.
9. The proponents of ape language counter that those who deny the validity of this research have never worked with apes.
10. They point out that new fields of investigation always create controversy.
11. They add that subhuman primates have not been taught to speak, however, because the outer layer of their brain hemispheres is not sufficiently refined.

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1. Which of the following is the main topic of the passage?

(A) Research into apes' imitative behavior
(B) Studies done in language abilities of primates
(C) Communicative behavior of subhuman primates
(D) Uses of American Sign Language in research

The correct answer is

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2. According to the passage, ape language researchers say that apes can

(A) understand spoken language
(B) speak
(C) think
(D) write poetry

The correct answer is

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3. Washoe is

(A) a four-year-old child
(B) a deaf gorilla
(C) a scientist
(D) a chimpanzee that uses signs

The correct answer is

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4. The word "discriminations" in sentence 5 is closest in meaning to

(A) decisions
(B) preferences
(C) impressions
(D) distinctions

The correct answer is

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5. According to the passage, ape-human communication is

(A) accepted by scientists
(B) rejected by researchers
(C) treated skeptically by some scientists
(D) unquestioned

The correct answer is

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6. In sentence 9, the word "proponents" refers to

(A) people who believe that apes communicate
(B) skeptics who have criticized the research
(C) tests that indicate auditory discrimination
(D) apes that have learned to communicate

The correct answer is

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7. It may be inferred from the passage that

(A) only gorillas and chimpanzees are primates
(B) only human beings are primates
(C) all animals except apes are primates
(D) humans and other apes are primates

The correct answer is

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8. The passage supports which of the following conclusions?

(A) Eventually gorillas and chimpanzees will be able to speak.
(B) Chimpanzees' use of sign language is merely imitative behavior.
(C) Ape communication is likely to remain a controversial topic.
(D) Even though a gorilla has understood a poem, it is not demonstrating communicative behavior.

The correct answer is

______________________________________________________________________________________________

9. The word "refined" in sentence 11 is closest in meaning to
(A) clean
(B) pure
(C) skilful
(D) delicate

The correct answer is

     


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