TOEFL PREPARATION
Reading Passage 1
 
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Read Passage 1 and type in the correct answers in the boxes below

 

Striped eel catfish
1. Many folk cures which have been around for centuries may be more therapeutic than previously suspected.
2. A case in point is that of penicillin. Alexander Fleming did not just randomly choose cheese molds to study when he discovered this very important bacteria-killing substance.
3. Moldy cheese was frequently given to patients as a remedy for illness at one time.
4. Fleming just isolated what it was about the cheese which cured the patients.
5. In parts of South America, a powder obtained from grinding of sugar cane, is used for healing infections in wounds and ulcers.
6.
This usage may date back to pre-Colombian times.
7. Experiments carried out on several hundred patients indicate, that ordinary sugar in high concentrations is lethal to bacteria.
8. Its suction effect
eliminates dead cells, and it generates a glasslike layer which protects the wound and ensures healing.
9. Another example of folk medicine which scientists are investigating is that of Arab fishermen who rub their wounds with a venomous catfish to quicken healing.
10. This catfish excretes a gel-like slime which scientists have found to contain antibiotics, a coagulant that helps close injured blood vessels, anti-inflammatory agents, and a chemical that directs production of a glue-like material that aids healing.
11. It is hoped that by documenting these folk remedies and experimenting to see if results are indeed beneficial, an analysis of the substances can be made, and synthetic substances can be developed for human
consumption.

 

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1. This passage is mainly about
(A) using folk medicines in place of modem medicines
(B) antibiotics in the field of medicine
(C) the validity of folk remedies and their use for advances in modem medicine
(D) isolating antibiotics in cheese, sugar, and slime

The correct answer is

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2. The word "therapeutic" in sentence 1 is closest in meaning to
(A) physiological
(B) medicinal
(C) traditional
(D) psychological

The correct answer is

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3. It can be inferred from the passage that Alexander Fleming

(A) discovered moldy cheese
(B) isolated infectious patients
(C) suspected medicinal properties of mold
(D) enjoyed eating cheese

The correct answer is

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4. The word "eliminates" in sentence 8 is closest in meaning to
(A) cleanses
(B) excretes
(C) disposes of
(D) kills off

The correct answer is

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5. According to the passage,
(A) bacteria feed on sugar
(B) sugar kills unhealthy cells
(C) glass is formed from sugar
(D) sugar promotes healing

The correct answer is

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6. The gel-like substance which promotes healing comes from
(A) catfish bodies
(B) Arab fishermen
(C) coagulants
(D) catfish venom

The correct answer is

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7. The word "this" in sentence 6 refers to
(A) obtaining powder from sugar
(B) grinding sugar into a powder
(C) healing infections with sugar
(D) carrying out experiments

The correct answer is

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8. Which one of the following is NOT an important quality of the catfish slime?
(A) It prohibits inflammation.
(B) It fights bacteria.
(C) It stops bleeding.
(D) It produces mold.

The correct answer is

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9. The word "consumption" in sentence 11 is closest in meaning to
(A) utilization
(B) destruction
(C) experimentation
(D) manipulation

The correct answer is

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10. In what way are cheese molds, sugar, and catfish slime similar?

(A) They cause blood clots.
(B) They fight bacteria.
(C) They heal wounds.
(D) They eliminate dead cells.

The correct answer is

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11. According to the passage, why is it important to study folk medicine?
(A) To document cultural heritages
(B) To perpetuate superstitions
(C) To experiment with synthetic substances
(D) To advance modern medical practices

The correct answer is


     


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