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lexic:blog:2015-12-16-000250

by - предлог/наречие vs. граммема

Определите контексты, в которых by - предлог/наречие, и контексты, в которых by -граммема-маркер творительного падежа.

1. He passed by without a word.
2. No one was by.
3. Put this work by for the moment.
4. The play was written by Shakespeare.
5. He began the work by collecting material.
6. He goes by the name of John.
7. He did it all by himself.
8. He ought to be here by now.
9. The city was destroyed by fire.
10. We met by accident rather than by design.
11. Man shall not live by bread alone.

Discussion

Vladimir LopatinVladimir Lopatin, 2015/12/16 15:45

1. He passed by without a word. Он прошел мимо без единого слова. (наречие).
2. No one was by. Никого не было рядом. (предлог).
3. Put this work by for the moment. Отложите эту работу пока в сторону.(наречие).
4. The play was written by Shakespeare. Пьеса написана Шейкспиром.(граммема).
5. He began the work by collecting material. Работу он начал со сбора материала. (предлог).
6. He goes by the name of John. Он идет под именем Джон.(предлог.).
7. He did it all by himself. Он сделал это все для себя сам.(предлог).
8. He ought to be here by now. Он должен быть здесь на текущий момент.(предлог).
9. The city was destroyed by fire. Город был разрушен огнем.(граммема).
10. We met by accident rather than by design. Мы встретились по воле случая, а не по договоренности.(предлог)
11. Man shall not live by bread alone. Человек не живет хлебом только. (граммема).

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lexic/blog/2015-12-16-000250.txt · Last modified: 2015/12/16 00:19 by schyuri