User Tools

Site Tools


grammar:blog:2020-02-12-215148

Вопросы к выделенным словам - Lesson in Employee Relationship - Шамиль vs Алеша


Fred Gibbs was in his early 60's, retired and had started a second career in catering. However, he just couldn't seem to get to work on time. Every day he was 2, 3, 5 minutes late. However, he was a good worker, really clever, so the owner was in a quandary about how to deal with it. Finally, one day he called Steve into the office for a talk. 'Fred, I have to tell you, I like your work ethic, you do a top class job, but you're being late so often is quite a worry.'
'Yes, I realise that, sir, and I am working on it.' replied Fred.
'I'm pleased to hear that, you are a team player. It's odd though, you're coming in late. I know you're retired from the Royal Navy. What did they say if you came in late there?'
'They said, “Good morning, Admiral”.'

По цепочке предложите друг другу по 10 заданий по образцу.

Образец

Первая сторона выделяет какой-нибудь член предложения в выбранном высказывании из текста:

Fred Gibbs was in his early 60's.

Вторая сторона, учитывая контекст, составляет такой вопрос, чтобы он логически и грамматически согласовывался с выделенной частью предложения в качестве ответа:

Who was in his early 60's? - Fred Gibbs was.

Discussion

AlexAlex, 2020/02/12 22:30

Fred Gibbs was in his early 60's.

ShamilShamil, 2020/02/12 22:55

How old was Fred Gibbs? - In his early 60's.

However, he just couldn't seem to get to work on time.

AlexAlex, 2020/02/13 12:20

Привет, Шамиль! В данном случае к however вопрос задать нельзя, поскольку оно не несет смыла образа действия.

ShamilShamil, 2020/02/14 21:49, 2020/02/14 21:53

Привет, хорошо, исправимся :)
However, he just couldn't seem to get to work on time.

AlexAlex, 2020/02/15 00:20

What point in time was it that he couldn't get to work? - On time.

Fred Gibbs was in his early 60's, retired and had started a second career in catering.

ShamilShamil, 2020/02/19 20:30

What was Fred Gibbs in his early 60’s and had started a second career in catering.
What did Fred Gibbs do for a living in his early 60’s and had started a second career in catering. - He was retired.

However, he was a good worker, really clever.

AlexAlex, 2020/02/20 20:08, 2020/03/02 19:51

How clever was he? - Really clever.

Every day he was 2, 3, 5 minutes late.

ShamilShamil, 2020/02/21 10:54

How late he was every day? - 2, 3, 5 minutes late.

Finally, one day he called Steve into the office for a talk.

AlexAlex, 2020/03/02 19:51

What for did he call Steve into the office? - For a talk.

“Fred, I have to tell you, I like your work ethic…”

ShamilShamil, 2020/03/06 13:32

Who had I tell Fred that I like your work ethic? - You.

You do a top class job, but you're being late so often is quite a worry.

AlexAlex, 2020/03/06 21:22, 2020/03/07 12:17

Who did Stive have to tell that he liked his work ethic? - Fred.

What does Steve consider Fred's being late? - Quite a worry.

so the owner was in a quandary about how to deal with it.

ShamilShamil, 2020/03/20 22:03, 2020/03/20 22:03

What did the owner feel about how to deal with it?

I am working on it. replied Fred.

AlexAlex, 2020/03/21 14:22

Who did Fred reply was working on it? - Fred.

I'm pleased to hear that, you are a team player.

ShamilShamil, 2020/04/06 22:03, 2020/04/06 22:03

What am I which makes you pleased to hear that?

“You came in late”, said Steve.

AlexAlex, 2020/04/07 17:36, 2020/04/07 18:03

What am I which makes you pleased to hear that?

Пройдемся по пунктам:
1. “to hear” в данном случае можно (нужно) опустить, поскольку оно несет не столько буквальный смысл, сколько значит просто “знать/убедиться” ⇒ Я рад слышать, что ты командный игрокЯ рад, что ты командный игрок.
2. Теперь осталось: What am I which makes you pleased = дословно: Кто я, что радует тебя? Звучит не очень. Можно поискать обощающее понятие-заместитель для a team player: черта характера (quality/trait), способность (ability) или сторона личности/ипостась (side/role). Мне ближе side ⇒ What side of me makes you pleased? Или самый общий вариант: What in me makes you pleased? Аналогично общим понятием-заместителем для 5 a.m. в вопросе будет what time, а для yesterday - when.
3. В варианте What side of me makes you pleased? есть явное рассогласование между источником утверждения и вопроса: утверждает Стив, а вопрос почему-то от Фреда. Устарняем рассогласование ⇒ What side of you/What in you makes me pleased?
4. Остается еще логическое рассогласование: звучит так, словно Стив не знает ответа (а по тексту-то знает), и Фред вместо него откуда-то должен это знать. Оно устраняется через переход от прямой речи к косвенной, в которой вопрос звучит безлично: What side of Fred/What in Fred makes Steve pleased?“ = a team player.
Т.е. самое важное - определеиться с личностной направленностью/логической согласованностью вопроса, и что будет заместителем для выделенного слова/фразы.

When did Steve say Fred came - late.

Fred, I have to tell you, I like your work ethic

You could leave a comment if you were logged in.
grammar/blog/2020-02-12-215148.txt · Last modified: 2020/02/12 23:16 by schyuri