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Темы кратко

General Questions (THE BIRTHDAY PRESENT) - Роман vs Алёша


A woman needed to buy her mother a birthday present. She didn’t know what to buy her
mother. She only had one day to buy her mother something.
So she went out window shopping. Soon enough, she walked by a pet store window. She
thought to herself, “What a lovely idea for a present! My mother is so lonely and she needs a
pet.”
The woman went into the store and saw many wonderful animals. Puppy dogs, fluffy cats,
gold fish, cute mice. But the woman didn’t think these were special enough. She asked the
manager if he had a pet that was really special.
The manager thought for a moment and replied, “Yes, but it costs a lot of money. $5,000”
“I have a parrot that can speak 7 languages, Chinese, English, French, Korean, German,
Russian and even Hindi!”
The woman said, “Perfect” and bought the bird. She sent it by special delivery to her mother,
so she would get it the next day.
The next evening after work, the woman called her mother. She asked, “How do you like
your birthday present.”
Her mother replied, “Thank you, IT’S DELICIOUS!”

По цепочке предложите друг другу по 10 общих вопросов к тексту на краткий ответ.

Образец,

Первая сторона:

Did the woman need to buy her mother a birthday present?

Вторая сторона:

She did.

2019/04/15 22:20 · schyuri · 1 Comment

General Questions (The Dog) - Владимир vs Олег


Linda Robinson was very thirsty so she went into a cafe. There was an old woman in the cafe.
She was sitting near the door at a table. At her feet, under the table, there was a small dog.
Linda bought a glass of lemonade and some cookies. She sat down at the table next to the old
woman. The old woman sat quietly. She looked lonely. Linda decided to be kind and talk to
the old woman.
“It is very hot today.” she said.
“Yes, but it is nice inside here.” replied the old woman.
Linda looked at the dog and asked, “Does your dog like people.”
The woman answered, “Oh! Yes! She loves people.”
Linda wanted to give the dog a cookie. So she asked, “ Does your dog like cookies?”
“They are his favourite food.” said the old lady.
Linda was terribly afraid of dogs so she asked, “Does your dog bite?”
The old woman smiled and said, “ NO! My dog is very tame. She is even afraid of cats!”
Linda took a cookie in her hand and reached under the table. She put it near the dog’s mouth.
But the dog didn’t bite the cookie, she bit her hand! Linda jumped up, spilling her lemonade.
She screamed, “I thought you said, your dog didn’t bite.”
The old woman looked at Linda and then at the dog. Then she said,
“THAT’S NOT MY DOG!”

По цепочке предложите друг другу по 10 общих вопросов к тексту на краткий ответ.

Образец,

Первая сторона:

Was Linda Robinson very thirsty?

Вторая сторона:

She was.

2019/04/15 22:18 · schyuri · 1 Comment

Местоимение vs артикль

По итогам задания Артикли и другие детерминативы у меня оформилось такое наблюдение: если в тексте затрагиваются отношения принадлежности, то выбор между местоимением и артиклем будет определятся тремя обстоятельствами:
1. Соотношением оппозиций “свой\чужой” vs “именно это, а не что-то другое” (отнесение к группе\классу) vs “один\больше одного”.
2. Представлением говорящего о способности слушателя идентифицировать упоминаемый объект\множество.
3. Теснотой связи объектов. Например рука или дочь связаны со своими обладателями теснее, чем лопата.

Например:

- А a/the your сын с кем живет? - a\the My Сын живет со мной.
- У тебя есть the/your a сын? - У меня есть the/my a сын (тесная связь замещается оппозицией “именно сын, а не кто-то другой” = есть человек, относящийся к классу “сын” = ребенок, имеющий признаки, общие для всех сыновей).

- Я был голоден, так что он дал мне яблоко (= смысловое ударение, именно яблоко) = his an apple.
- Все принесли по яблоку, а я забыл. Но он дал (= смысловое ударение) мне яблоко\Но он дал мне свое (= ударение) = his apple.

- Как ты выкопал эту яму, у тебя же нет лопаты (= нет своей)? → Я попросил my/a (у меня их много, и не важно кто именно)/the (ну тот самый, помнишь) одолжить мне his лопату.
- Как ты выкопал эту яму? → Я попросил my/a/the соседа одолжить мне a лопату = именно лопату, нет противопоставления “свой\чужой”. Здесь, конечно, можно употребить his, но тогда ответ будет нести ненужную/избыточную для слушателя информацию.

Это, конечно, не исчерпывающее объяснение, так что дополнения и замечания приветствуются.

2019/04/11 14:47 · alex · 12 Comments

Past Simple vs Past Perfect - Владимир vs Вадим

По цепочке предложите по 10 пар высказываний в Past Simple и Past Perfect для перевода на русский язык с комментированием.

Образец,

Первая сторона:

I went to the house where I saw them.
I went to the house where I had seen them.

Вторая сторона:

Я пошел к дому, где с ними и увиделся.
Я пошел к дому, где ранее виделся с ними.

2019/04/08 15:07 · schyuri · 4 Comments

Voice (Active to Passive) - Владимир vs Алексей К.

В паре по цепочке блоками по три предложения трансформируйте высказывания из активного залога в пассивный.


They grow coffee in Kenya.

They publish The Times newspaper in London.

They make shoes in Italy.

They transport oranges from Valencia to Germany in special crates.

They are sending the parcel by sea.

They are destroying the forests in Indonesia.

The shark didn't eat the man.

The arsonist started the fire.

The police took him away.

They've treated him very well.

They haven't cleaned the kitchen yet.

They hadn't punished him for what he had done.

They built a house.

Our uncle takes Susan to hospital.

We have cleaned the car down.

They speak only English here.

The policemen help the children out.

A robber broke the window of the shop down.

My mother sends me to the butcher.

Peter will look after my little brother.

Mr Jones is looking for the film.

Somebody had been building the house last year.

They don't speak English in this shop.

The waiter brought me a big steak.

She put me in the wrong box.

Somebody will somehow take care of us.

Dresden saw plenty of tourists last week.

No one has ever beaten me at chess.

2019/03/26 19:10 · schyuri · 3 Comments

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grammar/blog.txt · Last modified: 2018/04/22 23:25 (external edit)